Dome of the Rock. Jerusalem, Israel. 692. Constructed under the Umayyad Caliph Abd al Malik.
The interior mosaic decorations have remained since the 7th century, as opposed to the building’s facade. In the 16th century the exterior mosaic was replaced with magnificent tile, then again in the 20th century.
These decorations feature crowns, jewels, jeweled vases, trophies, non-terrestrial trees, and honorifics (crowns of defeated/converted rulers).
The motifs avoid figural representations, solely utilizing Quranic verses to convey religious narrative, unlike early Christian architecture that displayed dogma through figures of Christ. Islam’s preference for aniconism hardens and slacks throughout its history.